Wednesday, April 15, 2009

DTPtv - Part 1 - Using YouTube APIs in Eclipse

Hey there...

So yes, I'm back to talking about DTPtv... (You can see my introduction to the series here.)

YouTube, LLCImage via Wikipedia

Now that we know generally what we want to do, we'll start by focusing on making the YouTube APIs usable in Eclipse and perform a simple test. Easy enough, right?

So the first thing I had to do was grab the YouTube jars from Google. I found those here. I grabbed the latest version of The YouTube/Google APIs also have some dependencies, so I had to go out and grab imap.jar, mailapi.jar, pop3,jar, and smtp.jar. I was able to re-use a plug-in wrapper for javax.activation.jar from Orbit, which I'll talk about in a sec.

With all of the jars downloaded, I just had to create an Eclipse plug-in wrapper so they were available to other plug-ins. To do this is cake... Right-click in the Package Explorer, select New->Project, and in the list of Wizards select "Plug-in from existing JAR archives". Select your external jars (it will copy them into the plug-in wrapper). I named mine "" and unchecked the "Unzip the JAR archives into the project" so it kept the jars as jars, not source code. Click Finish and watch the magic happen.

When it's done, I had to do one last thing to add a dependency. The Google APIs still depend on the javax.activation.jar...

Do you remember I mentioned the Orbit project? Well, you can read more about it here, but the idea is that it provides a repository for a number of third-party projects/resources that are shared across Eclipse. These have already gone through the IP process and are approved for our use. (Note however that even if a library is approved by the Foundation for use by all projects, project teams must still fill out a Contribution Questionnaire and notify the Foundation of their intentions to use a library). And there are quite a few of them. If you look at the latest build (from back in August 2008), you'll see 83 different packages available.

In this case, I just want javax.activation, so I locate it in the list, download it, and drop it in my Eclipse environment. Once the workbench picks it up, I can add it as a dependency in the MANIFEST.MF file for my wrapper plug-in.

Cool. So that pretty much wraps up my jar wrapper plug-in. Not too tough there.

So now what? Now that we have this plug-in, we can write a quick little application to do something with it.

I've gone ahead and created a simple class that does a very basic YouTube search...
package org.eclipse.datatools.sample.utube.sandbox;



public class UTubeUtils {

public static String TR_FEED_URL = "";//$NON-NLS-1$

* Return a list of video entries back to the calling method
public static VideoFeed getResults(String author, String title) throws IOException, ServiceException
YouTubeService myService = new YouTubeService(
"", //$NON-NLS-1$
""); //$NON-NLS-1$

YouTubeQuery query = new YouTubeQuery(new URL(VIDEO_FEED));

//set the author
if( (author != null) && author.length() > 0)
//set the actual query string
if((title != null) && title.length() > 0)

//choose most viewed as the ordering

//get the video feed
VideoFeed feed = myService.query(query,VideoFeed.class);
return feed;

So all that this really does is get a list of the top rated videos currently at YouTube. Pretty straightforward.

You'll notice a couple of things about the code. You have to have a developer key (your own ID as a developer or one for a particular company) and a client ID (seems you can have many of these). This basically lets the Google & YouTube APIs know that you're legitimately asking for data and aren't some rogue hacker trying to cause trouble. You can get these two items here. Once you have them, you can just create new constants for them and just use the constants.

So if you swap your developer key and client ID into the above code, it should do a quick search. But how should we test it?

I like creating new plug-in projects with example menu actions. To do this is pretty easy... Right-click in the Package Explorer, select New->Project, and in the list of Wizards select "Plug-in Project". Name it and set the plug-in ID and other info, and on the "Templates" page in the wizard, select "Plug-in with a popup menu." By default it keys off an IFile, so you can get to it from the Navigator or Project Navigator in the workbench.

It goes off and creates the basic code and you can then use your new utility class pretty easily by changing the run() method in the action class to look something like this:

    public void run(IAction action) {
try {
VideoFeed feed = UTubeUtils.getResults(null, null);
if (feed != null) {
if (feed.getEntries() != null && feed.getEntries().size() > 0) {
System.out.println("Found some videos...");
Iterator<VideoEntry> iter = feed.getEntries().listIterator();
while (iter.hasNext()) {
VideoEntry entry =;
System.out.println("Video Entry: " + entry.getTitle().getPlainText());
// clean up
feed = null;
} catch (ServiceException se) {
} catch (IOException ie) {

When you run the workbench and right-click on your action in the Navigator, you should see something like this in your development workbench console view...

Success! We have a plug-in wrapper for our YouTube jars and their dependencies. And we've verified that we can use those APIs in an Eclipse environment.

Next we have to figure out how to hook up YouTube to DTP and show a video in the workbench. And after that we can fine tune our look and feel to make it easier for our users.

Maybe this was a bit longer to write up than I'd thought originally, but this part of the process only took me about half a day when I was creating this code the first time.

Questions? Comments? Drop me a note here and I'll be happy to get back to you.

Next time I'll write about hooking up YouTube and DTP and how I used the built-in Eclipse web browser UI component to show videos.


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Wayne said...

This series is screaming "Eclipse Corner Article!"... Can we look forward to a submission based on this blog series?

Brian Fitzpatrick (aka "Fitz) said...

Sure Wayne. :) How would I go about doing that?

Anbazhagan R said...

How to run google contacts api in eclipse.. what and all need for that .. could u xplain pls.. thanks in advance..

Anbazhagan R said...

How to run google contacts api in eclipse.. what and all need for that .. could u xplain pls.. thanks in advance..